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Information About Vitreoretinal Treatments

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A B-Scan is a form of eye diagnostic testing where the sound waves of ultrasound technology are used to capture detailed images of eye structures.

Fundus photography utilizes a special, advanced camera to take detailed pictures of all aspects of the retina to get a clear picture of its health.

In fluorescein angiography, a special dye is injected into a patient’s bloodstream to highlight the vessels in the back of the eye to show any issues.


With advanced technology, doctors can use OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography) to obtain clear images of the blood vessels in the retina and choroid.

Uveitis is simply inflammation inside the eye. A common type of inflammation is arthritis. Arthritis is inflammation of a joint.

Vitreous hemorrhage occurs when blood leaks into the areas in and around the clear gel between the eye’s lens and retina and causes vision problems.

A retinal detachment occurs when the retina, the light-sensitive layer of tissue, becomes detached from its position due to a number of reasons.

Intraocular tumors are found within the eye, can affect any eye structure, are benign or malignant in nature, and can be severe or life-threatening.

Ischemic Optic Neuropathy (AION) can be a visually devastating eye condition that is referred to as a stroke that occurs within the optic nerve.

Macular degeneration is an incurable disease of the retina that causes central vision obstructions and blindness, and has few prevention treatments.

A posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) is a condition of the eye in which the vitreous membrane separates from the retina.

A retinal tear occurs when the vitreous gel detaches from the retina. Depending on the severity, this can cause blurred vision and blindness.

Retinal vein occlusion is a serious condition that can cause blurred vision or loss of eyesight due to a blockage in the small veins in the retina.

Retinitis Pigmentosa is a group of rare and inherited disorders, which can start in adolescence and can cause a gradual decline in a person’s vision.

Optic neuritis involves inflammation of the optic nerve, which is responsible for transmitting visual information from the eye to the brain.

A macular hole is a tear that develops in the middle of the macula, which is located in the retina. The condition can cause various vision issues.

When a layer of scar tissue forms on the retina’s surface, it’s known as a macular pucker. Vision can become blurred or distorted or partially lost.

Cystoid Macular Edema (CME) is the formation of cyst-like areas of fluid within the macula caused by various diseases and can lead to vision problems.

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye condition that arises in patients with diabetes due to damage sustained by the blood vessels in the eye’s retina.

An epiretinal membrane occurs when a sheet of fibrous tissue forms on the macular of the retina and results in blurred and/or distorted vision.


Tissue Plasminogen Activator (TPA) is given as an injection into the eye to treat age-related macular degeneration and submacular hemorrhages.

OZURDEX® is an implant injected into the eye to treat macular edema as a result of retinal vein occlusion, uveitis, and diabetic macular edema.

Lucentis® is a drug injected into the eye to treat various eye conditions, such as wet age-related macular degeneration, macular edema, and more.

Avastin® is a prescription drug that’s injected into the eye of patients suffering from gradual vision loss due to age-related macular degeneration.

Kenalog® is a steroid that’s injected in the eye to treat eye conditions like diabetic macular edema, cystoid macular edema, and macular degeneration.

EYLEA® is an anti-VEGF drug injected into the eye that’s used to treat wet age-related macular degeneration by stopping abnormal blood vessel growth.

Scleral buckle surgery is often used to treat a retinal detachment by sewing a piece of material on the sclera to close breaks and flatten the retina.

Vitrectomy surgery is used to remove vitreous gel from the eye to repair a retinal detachment and to clear blood and other particles from the fluid.

Cryopexy is a treatment that helps correct retinal tears and detachments. It uses cold therapy to create a scar to destroy abnormal tissue.

Shunt surgery involves flexible plastic tubes and drainage pouches used to treat glaucoma and other eye conditions by draining fluid from the eye.

Pneumatic retinopexy is a 2-step outpatient procedure that’s commonly used to treat patients with retinal detachments without the need for incisions.

Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a disease that occurs in premature babies. It causes abnormal blood vessels to grow in the retina.

Ocular toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by a parasite and can be acquired or congenital, where the condition can be passed from mother to child.

*Individual results are not guaranteed and may vary from person to person. Images may contain models.